When playing on an 18-hole course, each hole is played once; whereas, on a nine-hole course each hole can be played twice to complete a round. The first section of every hole consists of the teeing ground, or tee-box. The Rules of Golf specify exactly the point from which the ball may be played outside a hazard. At the same time, water restrictions established by communities have forced courses to limit the amount of maintained turf grass. Some par-3 courses still require the use of a, A common standardized type of par-3 course is the ", This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 12:54. A ball declared unplayable within a hazard must be dropped within that same hazard. The first player tees off, the second player hits the second shot, the first player hits the third shot, and so on until the ball is holed. , Series of holes designed for the game of golf. Clubface The surface of the clubhead which is designed to strike the golf ball. The winner was whoever hit the ball with the fewest strokes into a target several hundred yards away. Every hole has an individual personality including numerous bunkers, large waste bunkers, plentiful grass depressions and mounds which line the sculpted fairways. The popularity of the 9-hole course has waned in recent decades; a full 18-hole course still allows for the player to play only the "front nine" or "back nine" as a shorter game, while attracting more golfers seeking to play a traditional full round of 18 distinct holes. A player is allowed to carry up to fourteen (14) clubs during a round of golf. www.ScottishGolfHistory.org, 2003–2007, webpage: Learn how and when to remove this template message, American Society of Golf Course Architects, European Institute of Golf Course Architects, Society of Australian Golf Course Architects, "Golf Courses as Designed Landscapes of Historic Interest. The finest-quality greens are well-kept so that a ball will roll smoothly over the closely mowed grass.  Some courses, such as Augusta National, are highly exclusive and will only allow visitors to play at the invitation of and alongside a member of the club. Another common and more economical approach for establishing a putting green is to introduce hybrid Bermuda sprigs (the stolon of the grass which are raked out at the sod farm), which are laid out on the green. Hazards — bunkers and bodies of water called penalty areas — might show up on any hole, too. These are considered the best greens because they may be cut to an extremely low height, and because they may be grown from seed. In strokeplay, a foursome competition is played between several teams each consisting of a pair of players, where partners play alternate shots until the SINGLE ball is holed. ... “The” Turn- space between hole 9 and hole 10 on a typical 18 hole course Birdie bag- another term for whalesac. Playing the back nine is called "heading in". The best greens are always established vegetatively[clarification needed] and never from seed. [A] Ace When a player hits the ball directly from the tee into the hole with one stroke. An additional smaller flag, or other marker, is sometimes positioned on the flagstick to indicate the location of the hole (front, middle, or back) on the green. Or hole out in two on a par-7 hole, and up from there if any holes … A USGA Handicap Index is calculated by a local golf club based on the golfer's most recent scores, using at least five 18-hole scores and no more than 20 scores. [#] 19th Hole The clubhouse bar. , Golf courses can be built on sandy areas along coasts, on abandoned farms, among strip mines and quarries, and in deserts and forests. In the Bahamas, opposition to golf developments has become a national issue. Back Nine: As the name suggests, these are last nine holes of an 18-hole golf course.‘Back Side is another name for ‘Back Nine’. Groups are often encouraged to compromise on one tee box, as this speeds the group's play. Automatic Two-putt When a golf course, or tournament, declares that players may consider the ball to be holed in no more than two putts once their ball is on the putting surface (most commonly used as a tournament rule to speed up play) Example: Automatic two-putt is not allowed within the rules of golf, but courses can institute it as a local rule in casual play when conditions warrant. A "par-3" course has either 9 or 18 holes, and the distance of each hole is a par 3 rating (typically 240 yards or less from the "men's" tee), with no par-4 or par-5 holes mandating shots through the green (though, occasionally, a "par-3" course may feature a par-4 or even a par-5 hole). Combined with the need to package all the fairways within what is frequently a compact square or rectangular plot of land, the fairways of a course tend to form an oppositional tiling pattern. As a result, because of demand from course customers who possess this enhanced equipment, and also out of an expressed concern for safety, golf course architects have had to lengthen and widen golf courses. Markers showing distances are usually included on a practice range for the golfer's information. Most courses have at least three sets of tees, some have more than twice that many. This consists of playing a set number of holes in an order predetermined by the course. Snow and ice can also be taken as casual water, as well as water that overflows the banks of existing water hazards. Golf for Cause in Phoenix, AZ has provided an extensive glossary that contains important terms used in the sport.  The area between the tee box and the putting green where the grass is cut even and short is called the fairway. The shallow top soil and sandy subsoil made links land unsuitable for the cultivation of crops or for urban development and was of low economic value. In golf, golfers hit a lot of shots they wish they could have back. However, such areas also typically include wetlands within the flood plain that are unsuitable for golfing and are often filled in and raised to remain dry.  It is on links land near the towns of central eastern Scotland that golf has been played since the 15th century.. Ball-washer A device found on many tee boxes for cleaning golf balls. It is, however, illegal by the Rules of Golf to test the speed of a green while playing by rolling a ball on it, or by feeling or rubbing the green. Special rules apply to playing a ball that falls in a hazard. Basic Golf Terms For Dummies: Scoring 101 Ace – Hole in One. Players cannot receive advice from anyone other than their caddy or partner. Holes often include hazards, which are special areas that have additional rules for play, and are generally of two types: (1) water hazards, such as ponds, lakes, and rivers; and (2) bunkers, or sand traps. [W] Wedge A type of golf club; a subset of iron designed for short range strokes. Pitch mark Another term for a divot on the green caused when a ball lands. English Turn is named for one of the least likely things to happen in North America. On par-3 holes, the player is expected to be able to drive the ball to the green on the first shot from the tee box. Holes-in-one commonly occur on par 3 holes, the shortest distance holes on a standard size golf course. The term ‘fourball’ is often used informally to describe any group of 4 players on the course. “The hole” refers both to the physical hole marked by a flag into which the ball must be sunk and also the entire area from the tee to the green. This makes it difficult for a player to recover after a bad shot. This Jack Nicklaus Signature Design, Par 72 Championship Golf Course presents a unique challenge to golfers of all skill levels. A player is allowed to carry up to fourteen (14) clubs during a round of golf. [A] Ace When a player hits the ball directly from the tee into the hole with one stroke. The use of combo tees allow courses to offer one or more additional options with respect to total yardage at a minimal cost. Charity tournaments can use the sale of mulligan tickets to raise additional revenue. When the ball is in play and not out of bounds or in a hazard the player must play the ball as it lies. The teeing area spans the distance between the markers, and extends two-club lengths behind the markers. This is called a "dogleg", in reference to the similarity to a dog's ankle. The field is partially represented by the American Society of Golf Course Architects, the European Institute of Golf Course Architects, and the Society of Australian Golf Course Architects, although many of the finest golf course architects in the world choose not to become members of any such group, as associations of architects are not government-sanctioned licensing bodies, but private groups. D.J. On holes longer than par 3, players are expected to require at least one additional shot to reach their greens. Bunker A depression in bare ground that is usually covered with sand. They’re called parkland courses because they look and feel like you are playing golf in a park. The invention relates to a mechanized device for cutting holes in golf course greens.  Par-3 courses consist of nine or 18 holes all of which have a par of three strokes. [D] Dimples The round indentations on a golf ball cover which are scientifically designed to enable the ball to make a steady and true flight. Go back to Cheese Lovers (3665 votes, average: 2,60 out of 5) A hole's direction may bend twice, which is called a "double dogleg". Others allow visitors at certain times but may insist on advance booking and proof of golfing competency. These are made of fine dirt which requires raking between uses but does not require watering. Golf for Cause in Phoenix, AZ has provided an extensive glossary that contains important terms used in the sport. This is where golfers can talk about the one that " Got Away "! Used to denote where a hole is located on a green, a flag extends up several feet above the ground, ensuring that players on the course can locate the position of the hole on the green from several hundred yards … The maximum hole length for international competitions is 90 metres (100 yd) with a maximum total course length of 1,200 metres (1,310 yd). A golf hole always begins at the teeing area (which is also called a tee box or teeing ground), and always ends at the putting green.  A golfer may place his ball directly on the surface of the teeing ground (called hitting it "off the deck"), or the ball may be supported by a manufactured tee (limited to a height of four inches), or by any natural substance, such as a mound of sand placed on the teeing surface, The tee markers are often color-coded for easy identification of the tee box; the order of colors, their names where appropriate, and the distance of each tee to the hole is provided on the scorecard and/or on signs identifying each hole. A club catering to senior players, for instance, may offer an additional tee further forward of the ladies' tee, labeled for "senior ladies". An overdone fade will appear similar to a slice. Masters' 13th hole: 510-yard par-5. [G] Gimme Refers to a putt that the other players agree can count automatically without actually being played (under the tacit assumption that the putt would not have been missed). A green may consist of a thin carpet so that bad weather is not allowed to become a serious factor in maintaining the course. To "putt" is to play a stroke on this surface, usually with the eponymous "putter" club, which has very low loft so that the ball rolls smoothly along the ground, and hopefully into the cup. [B] Back nine The last nine holes of an 18 hole golf course. Away Describing the golfer whose ball is farthest from the hole. Two downside factors of Bermuda greens are cost of maintenance, and also the existence of grain (the growth direction of the blades of grass), which affects the ball's roll and which is called "the grain of the green" and not to be confused with "the rub of the green" which are ideosyncrisies encountered getting through the hole. Out-of-bounds areas are usually indicated by white posts. Variants of grass used for fairways and roughs include bent grass, Tifway 419 Bermuda grass, rye grass, Kentucky bluegrass, and Zoysiagrass. Environmental concerns, along concerns with cost and human health, have led to research into more environmentally sound practices and turf grasses. In 2014, the PGA Tour held a Champions Tour event on a nine-hole par-3 course, the Big Cedar Lodge Legends of Golf in Ridgedale, Missouri, with four (regular division) or three (over-65 division) rounds played over the par-3 course, and one round played on a nearby regulation 18-hole course with par of 71. The green typically does not include any fully enclosed hazards such as sand or water; however, these hazards can be – and often are – placed adjacent to the green, and depending on the shape of the green and surrounding hazards, and the location of the hole (which often changes from day to day to promote even wear of the turf of the green), there may not be a direct putting line from a point on the green to the cup. A variation is called “up and in”. Many of the courses opened during the golf booms in the late 19th and early 20th centuries are of this type. Topped An errant shot where the clubhead strikes on top of the ball, causing the ball to roll or bounce rather than fly. Here are the courses that did it best. The object of … Players typically gather in the 19th Hole after their round to tally scores, settle bets and enjoy some beverages. Many Western countries have instituted environmental restrictions on where and how courses are allowed to be built.. Nip it: The Golf Slang term " Nip It " means to hit an iron shot without taking a divot. The equivalent of a double eagle, or three strokes below par, is called an albatross. A municipal course may label a similarly placed tee the "junior" or "novice" tees. The last nine holes of an 18-hole golf course. Also a two or four man format, similar to Best Ball, except in a scramble, each player strikes a shot, the best shot is selected, then all players play from that selected position. Though putting strokes can be made on it, the higher grass can interfere with the path of the ball, so players often choose to use a lofted club such as an iron to make a "chip shot" or a "bump and run", where the ball carries in the air for a few yards and then rolls along the green like a normal putt. Also called a “sand trap”. Shamble A format, similar to a scramble, where every player hits from the tee, the best tee-shot is selected, and each player holes-out from the selected tee-shot. As a result, the total par for 18 holes of a par-3 course would be 54 instead of a typical 68–72. Snowman To score an eight on a hole. Rangefinder – A device that measure the distance to the hole using lasers. The number of strokes taken on each hole relative to par translates into a set number of points, with the winner being the player who accumulates the highest number of points. The grass between the tee and the green is called the fairway. For example, if player A has a 5, player B has a 6, player C has a 4, and player D has a 5, the “best ball” and team score is a 4. [I] Iron A club with a flat-faced solid metal head generally numbered from 1 to 9 indicating increasing loft. An ace, commonly known as a hole-in-one, is the best score out there. This has affected the speed and playing of Augusta National. Some golf course architects become celebrities in their own right, such as Robert Trent Jones, Jr.; others are professional golfers of high standing and demonstrated appreciation for golf course composition, such as Jack Nicklaus. Front Nine Holes 1 through 9 on a golf course. This consists of playing a set number of holes in an order predetermined by the course. The hole, or cup, is always found within the green and must have a diameter of 108 millimeters (4.25 in) and a depth of at least 10 centimeters (3.94 in). In these cases, the course designer must work with the Corps of Engineers to plan a course layout that protects environmentally sensitive areas, provides for a means of quick escape in case of flooding, and does not invite players to hit into or toward controlled structures such as levees or dams. A municipal course is owned and managed by a local government body for the benefit of residents and visitors. The crossword clue possible answer is available in 6 letters.This answers first letter of which starts with D and can be found at the end of G. Players must repair their pitch marks, usually with a tee or a divot tool. The quality of grass influences the roll of the ball as well as the ability of the player to "take a divot" (effectively, the ability to hit down into the ball, hitting the ball first, then hitting the turf and removing a portion of it as the club continues its arc). Putting, chipping, pitching, and greenside bunker play are all aspects of the short game. Double bogey A hole played two strokes over par. The object of the game is simple enough: to get your ball from the tee (the starting point of any hole) to the green and ultimately into the hole in as few shots as possible. In tournaments, golfers generally tee off from the box one level further from the "normal" box for their class (men use the tournament tee, ladies use the senior or men's tee, and juniors use the ladies' tee). The hole is called a "dogleg left" if the hole angles leftwards, and a "dogleg right" if the hole angles rightwards. [M] Mulligan A do-over, or replay of the shot, without counting the shot as a stroke and without assessing any penalties that might apply. When a shot lands “O.B.”, the player “loses stroke and distance”, meaning that he/she must hit another shot from the original spot and is assessed a one-stroke penalty. In the UK particularly, some older private members clubs have an associated "Artisan" club, originally established to provide low-cost golf with limited playing rights in exchange for unpaid work on the course. 1 decade ago The origin of the term "at the turn" comes mainly from the Old Course at St Andrews....the home of golf.  Many other golf courses subsequently made the decision to change from Bermuda to bent grass when they observed increased business at courses that had already changed over.. More recent courses (and especially inland courses) tend to be designed with the front 9 and the back 9 each constituting a separate loop beginning and ending at the clubhouse. The player who is away should always play first. The so-called “double-eagle” is clearly twice as nice. Another type of grass common for greens is TifDwarf Hybrid Bermuda (other variants exist, but TifDwarf is one of the most common), or simply Bermuda grass. Golf is a game played in an open field where the golfer plays his golf ball into a hole by using different types of clubs (golf instruments). Pitch and Putt, specifically its governing association the IPPA, has received financial support and logo rights from the R&A. In the U.S., land administered by the Army Corps of Engineers, such as those bordering levees and lakes, is often desirable for building courses, due to the scenic natural views and the unsuitability of the land for other purposes due to it lying in a planned flood plain. Non-Profit basis Philippines and Indonesia after their round to tally scores, settle and! Played in what is called a Cup in which a pin stands with a tee your golf vocabulary learning... 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