Actuality, in contrast to potentiality, is the motion, change or activity that represents an exercise or fulfillment of a possibility, when a possibility becomes real in the fullest sense. Act and potency are dichotomous and parasitic in nature. Ontology is traditionally listed as a part of the major branch of philosophy known as metaphysics.  Actuality, in contrast to potentiality, is the motion, change or activity that represents an exercise or fulfillment of a possibility, when a possibility becomes real in the fullest sense.. Or in other words: The Thomistic blend of actuality and potentiality has the characteristic that, to the extent that it is actual it is not potential and to the extent that it is potential it is not actual; the hotter the water is, the less is it potentially hot, and the cooler it is, the less is it actually, the more potentially, hot. Actuality, is often used to translate both energeia and entelecheia (sometimes rendered in English as "entelechy"). According to his understanding of nature there was both a weak sense of potential, meaning simply that something "might chance to happen or not to happen", and a stronger sense, to indicate how something could be done well. Potentiality and potency are translations of the Ancient Greek word Dunamis or dynamis (δύναμις) as it is used by Aristotle as a concept contrasting with actuality.Its Latin translation is "potentia", root of the English word potential, and used by some scholars instead of the Greek or English variants.. Dunamis is an ordinary Greek word for possibility or capability. Or in other words: The Thomistic blend of actuality and potentiality has the characteristic that, to the extent that it is actual it is not potential and to the extent that it is potential it is not actual; the hotter the water is, the less is it potentially hot, and the cooler it is, the less is it actually, the more potentially, hot. This is most obvious in words like "energy" and "dynamic" - words first used in modern physics by the German scientist and philosopher, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. This is a three-ring circus of a word, at the heart of everything in Aristotle's thinking, including the definition of motion. Greek for end in this sense is telos, a component word in entelecheia (a work that is the proper end of a thing) and also teleology. Aristotle discusses motion (kinēsis) in his Physics quite differently than modern science does. Actuality — may refer to: * Modal logic * Potentiality and actuality (Aristotle) * A slogan on the television network TruTV … Wikipedia. "Metaphysics, Hugh Tredennick trans.". And this type of distinction is expressed for several different types of being within Aristotle's categories of being. In contrast, the position of Western Medieval (or Catholic) Christianity, can be found for example in the philosophy of Thomas Aquinas, who relied on Aristotle's concept of entelechy, when he defined God as actus purus, pure act, actuality unmixed with potentiality. Entelechy, in Greek entelécheia, was coined by Aristotle and transliterated in Latin as entelechia.  In the Metaphysics, Aristotle wrote at more length on a similar subject and is often understood to have equated the active intellect with being the "unmoved mover" and God. 78–79), in his commentary of Aristotle's Physics book III gives the following results from his understanding of Aristotle's definition of motion: The genus of which motion is a species is being-at-work-staying-itself (entelecheia), of which the only other species is thinghood. 211 Related Articles [filter] Aristotelian ethics. Anything that partakes in being is also called a "being", though often this usage is limited to entities that have subjectivity. Leibniz's study of the "entelechy" now known as energy was a part of what he called his new science of "dynamics", based on the Greek word dunamis and his understanding that he was making a modern version of Aristotle's old dichotomy. He writes: The man with sight, but with his eyes closed, differs from the blind man, although neither is seeing. Home; Books; Search; Support. Distinction, the fundamental philosophical abstraction, involves the recognition of difference. The first man has the capacity to see, which the second man lacks. Mind has the capacity to transcend itself, to go beyond its individuality to the universal ground of reality, which is pure potentiality. Aspects and applications of the concept of entelechy have been explored by the American critic and philosopher Kenneth Burke (1897–1993) whose concept of the "terministic screen" illustrates his thought on the subject. Principles in the philosophy of Aristotle, "Actuality" redirects here. 15 Dezember 2018 . [cite book | author=Various |authorlink=Universal House of Justice |… … Wikipedia, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site.  Diodorus Siculus in 60-30 BC used the term in a very similar way to Polybius. For example, "to be a rock is to strain to be at the center of the universe, and thus to be in motion unless constrained otherwise". Jacques Roubaud distinguishes between two kinds of potentiality: “predisposed” and“ in actuality”, the first residing in a constraint, the second in a text that may initiate a series of variations or mutations of the constraint according to which it was written. Act and potency follows logically from Aristotle's thoughts on causation. Sachs (2005) associates this interpretation with St Thomas of Aquinas and explains that by this explanation "the apparent contradiction between potentiality and actuality in Aristotle's definition of motion" is resolved "by arguing that in every motion actuality and potentiality are mixed or blended". For example, "sometimes we say that those who can merely take a walk, or speak, without doing it as well as they intended, cannot speak or walk". For example, from Aristotle's Metaphysics , 1017a: . , Entelecheia, as can be seen by its derivation, is a kind of completeness, whereas "the end and completion of any genuine being is its being-at-work" (energeia). Joe Sachs renders it with the phrase "being–at–work" and says that "we might construct the word is-at-work-ness from Anglo-Saxon roots to translate energeia into English". The term is used in a wide variety of fields, from physics to the social sciences to indicate things that are in a state where they are able to change in ways ranging from the simple release of energy by objects to the realization of abilities in people. Leibniz, Gottfried (1715), "On the Doctrine of Malebranche. . , Throughout his works, Aristotle clearly distinguishes things that are stable or persistent, with their own strong natural tendency to a specific type of change, from things that appear to occur by chance. Sachs (2005), amongst other authors (such as Aryeh Kosman and Ursula Coope), proposes that the solution to problems interpreting Aristotle's definition must be found in the distinction Aristotle makes between two different types of potentiality, with only one of those corresponding to the "potentiality as such" appearing in the definition of motion. For other uses, see, The importance of actuality in Aristotle's philosophy, Essence-energies debate in medieval Christian theology, Entelecheia in modern philosophy and biology. , Western Medieval Christianity, in the philosophy of Thomas Aquinas, relied on Aristotle's concept of entelechy, when it defined God as actus purus, pure act, actuality unmixed with potentiality. , Plotinus was a late classical pagan philosopher and theologian whose monotheistic re-workings of Plato and Aristotle were influential amongst early Christian theologians. This has been referred to as one of "the most intensely studied sentences in the history of philosophy". For other uses, see, Tredennick's translation, with links to his footnote cross references, using the. He looked to the notions of potentiality and actuality in order to better understand the relationship of quantum theory to the world. Using the term in ways that could translated as "vigor" or "energy" (in a more modern sense); for society, "practice" or "custom"; for a thing, "operation" or "working"; like vigor in action. Dunamis is an ordinary Greek word for possibility or capability. Potentiality. , Entelecheia, as can be seen by its derivation, is a kind of completeness, whereas "the end and completion of any genuine being is its being-at-work" (energeia). While this has not become a consensus, it has been described as having become "orthodox". On the other hand the "as such" is important and is explained at length by Aristotle, giving examples of "potentiality as such". Potentiality and actuality (Aristotle) — The theory of Potentiality and Actuality is one of the central themes of Aristotle s philosophy and metaphysics. For example, "to be a rock is to strain to be at the center of the universe, and thus to be in motion unless constrained otherwise". The being-at-work-staying-itself of a potency (dunamis), as material, is thinghood. , Energeia is a word based upon ergon, meaning "work". Common words such as "is", "are", and "am" refer directly or indirectly to being. In philosophy, potentiality and actuality are a pair of closely connected principles which Aristotle used to analyze motion, causality, ethics, and physiology in his Physics, Metaphysics, Nicomachean Ethics and De Anima, which is about the human psyche. "Natures which persist" are said by him to be one of the causes of all things, while natures that do not persist, "might often be slandered as not being at all by one who fixes his thinking sternly upon it as upon a criminal". Aristotle's logical work in this area is considered by some to be an anticipation of modal logic and its treatment of potentiality and time. In philosophy, Potentiality and Actuality are principles of a dichotomy which Aristotle used throughout his philosophical works to analyze motion, causality, ethics, and physiology in his Physics, Metaphysics, Ethics and De Anima (which is about the human psyche). In Eastern Orthodox Christianity, St Gregory Palamas wrote about the "energies" (actualities; singular energeia in Greek, or actus in Latin) of God in contrast to God's "essence" (ousia). . The Intellect, or Intelligence, or, to use the Greek term. In philosophy, potentiality and actuality  are a pair of closely connected principles which Aristotle used to analyze motion, causality, ethics, and physiology in his Physics, Metaphysics, Nicomachean Ethics and De Anima, which is about the human psyche. 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